The Bulletin of the Center for Research on Regional Economic Systems, the Graduate School of Social Science, Hiroshima University Issue 17
2006-03-31 発行

製品開発マネジメントの分析ツールとしての設計構造マトリックスに関する考察 <論説>

A Review on the Design Structure Matrix as an Analytical Tool for Product Development Management
Mokudai, Takefumi
This article reviews fundamental concepts and analytical techniques of design structure matrix (DSM) as well as recent development of DSM studies. The DSM is a matrix representation of relationships between components of a complex system, such as products, development organizations and processes. Depending on targets of analysis, there are four basic types of DSM: Component-based DSM, Team-based DSM, Task-based DSM, and Parameter-based DSM.

There are two streams of recent DSM studies: 1) optimization of product design and organizational structure and 2) optimization of development process. The former employs clustering, whereas the latter does partitioning.

The advantages of the DSMs, compared with other analysis tools, are its conciseness, completeness, and operationality. However, DSMs are not a panacea. The article also discusses some constraints of the DSMs, such as its vulnerability to unknown dependency between components, a static nature of the analytical approach, and relatively weak implications for organizational learning.
design structure matrix
product development
product architecture