The Bulletin of the Center for Research on Regional Economic Systems, the Graduate School of Social Science, Hiroshima University Issue 16
2005-03-31 発行

森林の公益的機能の評価と直接支払い : 森林資源管理の外部経済効果に着目して <研究ノート>

The Evaluation on Public Functions of Forests and the Decoupling System : Focusing on external economical effects of the forest resource management
Wakimoto, Shuji
It is necessary to properly evaluate public functions that forests perform and to refund its contributions to the intermediate and mountainous areas that own and manage forests resources. Focusing on the external economic effects caused by the forests resource management, this paper discusses how to evaluate public functions of forests and institutionalization of the decoupling system.

Firstly, this study suggests that public functions that forests perform should be distinguished into the external economic effects yielded from the natural ecological system and those from the forests resource management.

Secondly, the study proposes that the decoupling system should be designed based both on carbon dioxide absorption effects and on fossil fuel substitution effects. This is because a) it is possible to quantitatively evaluate the external economic effects that the forests resource management would bring about; b) the international emission trade system of carbon dioxide has already been launched; and c) an expected amount of revenue from the decoupling system could be large enough to promote development in the intermediate and mountainous areas.
forest resource management
external economic effects
decoupling system