Reviews in higher education 2017-03-31


Some Steps to Reduce the Disparity in College Entrance Examinations in Asia
小野寺 香
河井 由佳
松本 麻人
大和 洋子
Thumnail RIHE135.pdf 3.4 MB
This study steps to reduce the disparity between the college entrance examinations at several countries and regions in Asia. College entrance examinations require fairness, but the meaning of the concept is not always the same, affected by the cultural and social contexts of different countries. By examining respectively points with which each country is concerned regarding fairness, this study tries to clarify the uniqueness and the significance of the steps each country adopts. It assumes that the dynamism and reality of fairness can be extracted, analyzing the ‘exceptions’ that seems to contradict superficially.
Several Asian countries, South Korea, China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Thailand, and India, all of which have in recent years implemented large-scale system changes and steps to reduce disparity under the specific historical and social background. These unique steps are targeted not only at students of ethnic minorities, but also at those in rural areas in general, both of which are the examples to consider the diversity and similarity of the steps. It is anticipated that the results of this study can provide suggestions to college entrance exam reform in Japan at the point of the development of a new selection method.
はしがき 小川佳万...i
第1章 大学入試における格差是正措置 小川佳万...1
第2章 韓国の大学入試における格差是正措置 -「機会均衡選抜」制度を中心に- 松本麻人...11
第3章 中国の大学入試における格差是正措置 小野寺香...25
第4章 香港の大学入試における格差是正措置 -教育機会の拡大と能力主義の徹底- 大和洋子...39
第5章 台湾の大学入試における格差是正措置 小川佳万...57
第6章 タイの大学入試における格差是正措置 牧貴愛...69
第7章 インドの大学入試における格差是正措置 河井由佳...83