The purpose of this book is to clarify the renewed undergraduate education in the humanities and social sciences in the national university sector, from the viewpoint of organization, curriculum, and the impact on students’ learning. Three case-studies are selected on the basis of their name, academic field, type of reorganization, and date of formation: the School of Global Humanities and Social Science at Nagasaki University, the Faculty of Global Sciences at Yamaguchi University, and the School of Global and Community Studies at University of Fukui. First, the context of reorganization of each school and faculty, and the characteristics and structure of the curriculum are analyzed. Next the students’ learning behaviors and the impact of curriculum are analyzed based on a student survey, through comparison with the national student survey and between the three case-study organizations. Furthermore, the results from the student survey are reverified through a faculty survey. The results indicate that the three faculties, despite their similar names, have different characteristics of undergraduate education which have different impacts on student learning behavior and learning outcomes.