Professional education has recently become increasingly important in Japanese universities, More than a decade has passed since 2004 when the professional school system was established in Japanese higher education. This research project focuses on professional education both at the graduate and undergraduate levels. It primarily considers the future of Japanese professional education by comparing its counterpart in the United States.
Chapter 1 presents an overview of professional education in Japan and the United States and discusses their historical progress and recent issues.
Chapters 2 to 8 are composed of three parts. The First Part (Chapter 2, 3, and 4) covers traditional professional education: Medicine, Law, and Business. Chapter 2 discusses professional education in medical field, especially radiation therapy professions, by comparing graduate program training systems; Chapter 3 describes the issues of newly established law schools in Japan; And Chapter 4 compares four business schools, which were established at national research universities.
The Second Part (Chapter 5 and 6) covers two relatively new professional fields. Chapter 5 compares graduate education in the science fields; this analysis is based on both Japanese and American case studies. Chapter 6 discusses the increased progress of university staff members’ professionalization in America compared to that in Japan.
The Third Part (Chapter 7 and 8) focuses on the relationship of professional education with the outside society. Chapter 7 discusses and provides specific examples of how service learning in the engineering field developed in both countries. Chapter 8 discusses human resource development through industry-university collaboration. It reveals the effect of capacity building in students and business persons, and describes how industry-university collaboration is conducted.