Recent research on language learning strategies (LLS) has witnessed a considerable growth in both second and foreign language contexts. The research has heightened the awareness of language learning strategy use and of the factors affecting learners' strategy choice. Though some studies have attempted to explore the strategies of learners in either EFL (English as a Foreign Language) or ESL (English as a Second Language) contexts, little research has been undertaken on strategy use by advanced learners in both EFL and ESL settings. This article describes an investigation of learning strategy profiles of 101 Japanese and Sri Lankan advanced learners of English using a 60-item strategy questionnaire, a background questionnaire, and an English proficiency test. The relationship between strategy use and contexts was investigated using SPSS Version 13.0 and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The findings indicate significant differences of strategy use in both contexts which could be attributed to different cultural factors in two countries.