Journal of health sciences, Hiroshima University Volume 6 Issue 1
2006-12-28 発行

産後1か月における出産に伴う母親の心的外傷後ストレスの出現 : NICU入院児の母親と健常新生児の母親の比較

The appearance of post-traumatic stress with events of delivery in mothers one month after childbirth : Comparison of mothers with newborn babies in NICU hospitalization and mothers with normal newborn babies
Matsumoto, Suzuko
Nakagomi, Satoko
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abstract
The aim of this research is to clarify the post-traumatic stress of mothers whose newborn babies were in NICU hospitalization one month after childbirth in comparison with that of mothers who had normal newborn babies. The subjects were 189 mothers who had high-risk newborn babies and 274 mothers who had normal newborn babies. The methods of this research were to use an Impact of Event Scale Revised (IES-R) and to conduct a survey of mothers one month after giving birth. As a result, the following have been identified: 1) The average score of IES-R of mothers whose babies were in NICU hospitalization was 12.04 (SD=10.06) and that of mothers with normal newborn babies was 9.12 (SD=8.89). As for the average rate, mothers with babies in NICU hospitalization were significantly higher than those with normal newborn babies. In addition, the percentage of mothers who had IES-R scores of more than 25 represented 8.4% of all subjects. This showed a high risk of PTSD. The percentage of mothers whose babies were in NICU hospitalization and whose babies were delivered normally showed 13.2% and 5.1% respectively and the former was significantly higher. 2) The rate of both types of mothers who had intrusion and hyperarousal symptoms was around 80-90%. As for the percentage who displayed the avoidance symptom, mothers whose babies were in NICU hospitalization represented 64.0% and mothers with normal newborn babies represented 44.5%. This result showed that the rate of the former was significantly higher than that of the latter. In addition, mothers whose babies were in NICU hospitalization had a significantly higher average score of the avoidance symptom. However, when comparing both types of mothers who had IES-R scores of under 24, the average score of the avoidance symptom of mothers whose babies were in NICU hospitalization was significantly higher. On the other hand, when it came to mothers with more than a score of 25, the average score of mothers with normal newborn babies was significantly higher.
subject
心的外傷後ストレス
出産後1か月
母親
post-traumatic stress
one month after childbirth
mother
SelfDOI