Journal of the Faculty of Fisheries and Animal Husbandry, Hiroshima University Volume 5 Issue 1
1963-12-20 発行

An artificial hybrid between White Leghorn Cock and Japanese Green Pheasant Hen produced by insemination

Watanabe, Moriyuki
Yamane, Jinshin
Tsukunaga, Satoru
Takahashi, Toshio
An attempt was made to test the availability of the "Hiroshima" method of artificial insemination for producing the intergeneric hybrid between Single Comb White Leghorn cock and Japanese Green Pheasant hen (Phasianus versicolor VIEILLOT).

1. The method was composed of (1) semen collection by abdominal massage with use of a bird-holder, (2) dilution of semen with osmotically adjusted egg yolkcitrate buffer at rate of 1: 4 and (3) insemination into the uterus.
2. The constituents of the buffer was: one volume 6.5% Na3C6H 50 7 ·2H20 solution+ one volume 9.0% glucose solution+ two volumes fowl egg yolk.
3. Having laid one egg on the second day after a single insemination, the pheasant hen stopped further laying. Nevertheless, this one and only egg was fertile and a male hybrid has developed to adult.
4. It seems to show that the technique here used is fairly available with success for interspecific or intergeneric hybridization of birds.
5. The type of the hybrid produced thereby was quite different from that of chicken-pheasant hybrids known in the ornithological literature, rather resembling the English Pheasant.
This research was supported in part by a grant from the Ministry of Education for the "Studies of Artificial Insemination of Poultry", a joint work of Hiroshima Agricultural College and Faculty of Fisheries and Animal Husbandry, Hiroshima University.