Journal of elementary education and curriculum Issue 7
2019-03-31 発行

生活科カリキュラムにおける教科論の変容とその社会的背景 : 子どもの生活環境としての「家庭」に注目して

Theories of Transformation and Social Background in the Living Environment Studies Curriculum: Focusing on the Home -Life Environments of Children
Shirai, Katsuhisa
Murai, Daisuke
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abstract
This study addresses the following two questions: how have living environment studies’ ideas about the qualities and abilities of developing children changed, and what is the social background underlying this change? It focuses on the content dealing with the home-life environment in courses of study, textbooks, and teachers’ guides. The analysis of the results revealed two findings. Firstly, the older belief that the learning method is what makes children acquire value norms has shifted to embrace the idea that one thinks and practices what one can do. Secondly, given that the goal is to raise children to be responsible family members, children themselves are being transformed in a way that leads to better lives for them. During such transformation, their self-awareness is enhanced. As a result, there have been changes in the roles of both school education and private education, as well as the relationship between these processes to develop children.
subject
生活科教育
教科論
学習指導要領
教科書
生活環境としての家庭
Living Environment Studies
Theories of Transformation
Course of Study
Textbook Analysis
Home -Life Environment
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