The purpose of this paper is to understand the kinds of support needed for physical education (PE) teachers in China by identifying the difficulties they face when teaching their subject. Questionnaire surveys were used with PE teachers in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. Three principle points emerged. First, most items of difficulty showed a relatively low percentage, although "demonstration," "understanding," and "needs" showed a relatively high percentage. Second, the difficulties PE teachers faced consisted of three factors, namely, "instructional design," "student grasp," and "physical techniques." Third, looking at the differences in each factor among groups with different teaching experience, school type, athletic level, and sex, the findings suggest that support is necessary in the area of "instructional design" for young PE teachers and non-athletic PE teachers, in the area of "student grasp" for young PE teachers and primary school PE teachers, and in the area of "physical techniques" for non-athletic PE teachers and female PE teachers.