Bulletin of the Department of Teaching Japanese as a Second Language, Hiroshima University Issue 25
2015-03-25 発行

タスク研究におけるタスク効果の指標 : 意味交渉・訂正フィードバック・Language Related Episodeの違いに着目して

Measures of Task Effects: Comparison among Negotiation of Meaning, Corrective Feedback, and Language-Related Episode
Kimura, Noriko
Itoh, Aki
Kuroda, Ryoko
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abstract
A growing number of task studies have examined which tasks provide increased focus in language forms incidents. Researchers have used negotiation of meaning, corrective feedback. and language-related episodes (LREs) as measures of focus. However, each measure relates to different aspects of dialogue. Therefore, the results of task studies may differ depending on the measure employed. The present study was conducted to investigate which measure extracts more focus-on-form incidents regarding grammar. The participants were 20 low-intermediate-level and 14 high-intermediate-level students undertaking an intensive Japanese-language program in the United States. Using two conversation tasks, I made a comparison of how the frequency of focus-on-form incidents differed with the three measures. I found that each measure resulted in a different number of focus-on-form incidents. Regardless of the students' ability level, LREs produced the greatest number of focus-on-form incidents. Negotiation of meaning has been utilized as a measure for focus-on-form incidents in many task studies; however, it extracted hardly any focus-on-form incidents in the present investigation.
subject
意味交渉
訂正フィードバック
Language Related Episode
タスク
rights
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