Juvenile delinquents are considered to experience problems in their career development because of their low awareness of careers and roles due to their lack of school education. In this study, we clarified that juveniles with problem behavior, such as delinquency, are immature in their career development and identified factors that affect their problem behavior. In this study, “career resilience,” “goal-directedness,” and “career-planning ability” were considered as index factors for career development. We hypothesized that carrier resilience, goal-directedness, and career-planning ability have a negative effect on problem behavior. A total of 350 junior high school students completed a questionnaire survey and their data were analyzed. A multiple regression analysis (stepwise method) was performed using career resilience, goal-directedness, and career-planning ability as independent variables and tendency of problem behavior as dependent variables. Career planning had a significant negative effect. Among the career planning subscales, metacognition had a significantly negative impact. Considering these results, the ability to think objectively about one’s own career was found to suppress the problem behavior. In only men, in addition to career-planning ability, novelty and diversity in the subscales of career resilience, had a significant negative effect. Considering these results, the ability to accept new and different things about oneself suppressed the problem behavior. However, goal directivity was not possible to obtain the result of the negative effect on the problem behavior.