HABITUS Volume 22
2018-03-20 発行

価値応答とは何か

What is Value Response?
Sumihara, Seiko
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abstract
In this paper, we consider the meaning of value response according to the theory of Dietrich von Hildebrand. There are three different basic types in the realm of responses: theoretical, volitional, and affective responses. Among them, only volitional responses can act intentionally on our bodies. Unlike volitional responses, affective responses are not caused by orders. These affective responses are motivated either by mere subjective satisfaction or dissatisfaction, or by the objective good for the person. We possess perceptions that can understand values. The value response presupposes not only knowledge of the object, but also awareness of its value. The value object calls up on us, and we are also vaguely aware of the call for that value. The value response is a movement wherein a responding subject abandons itself in favor of the value of the object as its motive. The obligation of what we should do is involved in such value responses. For value responses, it is presupposed that the responder is aware of the action. However, if we feel pleasantness or unpleasantness about something, we may have already perceived its values. The consciousness follows the sense stimulus. It seems that humans developed value perception in order to notice values; a human body perceives values and responds to them. We cannot ignore physical perceptions even though the value perception does not result from physical activity in our bodies.