HABITUS Volume 22
2018-03-20 発行

近代日本の教育思想史に関する研究視点 : 谷本富と西晋一郎に対する歴史的評価の再考

The History of Educational Thought in Modern Japan: Reconsideration of historical evaluation of Tomeri Tanimoto and Shinichiro Nishi
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abstract
When considering the history of educational thought in modem Japan, there are two main approaches to learning: positivistic educational science based on analysis and explanation of facts, and pedagogy based on spiritual science, involving interpretation of the nature of phenomena using introspection. In the current paper, we investigated the significance of hermeneutics in historical research, which is often overlooked in modern Japan where Western thought has become increasingly widespread in recent years. In the current paper, we focused on the pedagogist Tomeri Tanimoto, representing modern Japan, and the ethicist Shinichiro Nishi, who led national theory in the age of nationalism. We reconsidered the historical position of traditional educational thought from these two perspectives, examining "continuity of knowledge" and "spiritual science".