Hiroshima Daigaku Fuzoku Mihara Gakkoen kenkyu kiyo Volume 7
2017-03-28 発行

小学校理科における防災教育の指導内容に関する研究 : 幼・小・中職員の意識調査結果の考察をもとに

A research on Contents of Study of Disaster Prevention in Elementary Science Class -Based on the Result of Research on Attitude of Teachers in Nursery, Elementary and Junior High School
The purpose of this research was to clarify attitude of teachers towards disaster prevention education in Mihara nursery, elementary and junior high school and to get clues to consider contents of disaster prevention education in elementary science education. The research method was that answers of the teachers of a questionnaire were classified and some features were considered based on the classified answers. As a result, it became clear that some contents were commonly high in three schools, but others were different depending on developmental stage, in terms of the rate of contents which teachers wanted to teach to their students. Moreover, in terms of the contents of disaster prevention education in elementary science education, it was considered effective contents to have students check if their own house was safe or not by introducing "hazard map", to foster the ability to think and make decisions about evacuation, and to have students think how to evacuate and where to evacuate.