Hiroshima Daigaku Fuzoku Mihara Gakkoen kenkyu kiyo Volume 7
2017-03-28 発行

「国語科において育成を目指す資質・能力」を育む授業開発 : 第1学年「はじめは『や!』」の実践を通して

Developing Classes to Cultivate "the Qualities and Capabilities of Aiming at the Fostering of Abilities in Japanese": Through the Practice of "Ya! is the Beginning" in the First Year
The purpose of this study was to develop classes that cultivate the qualities and abilities effectively by setting the goal "aim at fostering the qualities and abilities in Japanese" with keeping in step with the reality of students. The material of this study is a unit "Ya! is the beginning"-in first grade of elementary school. The qualities and abilities in Japanese language education to be developed are the ability to think in investigating a subject with a multidimensional perspective by language, and the attitude toward enriching our lives through setting our mind on upgrading the language ability. In this research, students were asked to exchange question and answers through a notebook, and read aloud the material to pre-schoolers. The results suggest that exchanging questions and answers through a notebook independently helped students to bring out their independent thinking and then bring a variety of thinking together with effect in class; therefore, students effectively understood the material from various angles. In addition, the results also revealed that the attempt to enrich language activity managed to bring out students-centered learning, and greatly influenced on the fostering qualities and abilities.