Hiroshima Daigaku Fuzoku Mihara Gakkoen kenkyu kiyo Volume 7
2017-03-28 発行

道徳性の芽生えを育むための環境・援助のあり方を探る : 同年齢・異年齢とかかわる4歳児の姿を通して

Proving How Environment and Assistance should be to Develop Children's Germs of Morality: Through Practices of Four-year-old Children Interacting with Others in the Same and Different Ages
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abstract
The purpose of this study is to clarify environmental components and assistance in order to develop four-year-old children's "germs of morality" through their interaction with others in the same or different ages. As research methods, the researcher recorded episodes of situations where four-year-old children interact with children in the same or different ages from two aspects: 1. "to see differences between right and wrong", 2. "to have feelings to consider others". In addition, the researcher examined better environment and assistance by doing childcare conferences. The result revealed, as environment and assistance for developing four-year-old children's "germs of morality", these four assistance: 1. to accept children's feelings behind their movements, 2. to help children build circumstances where they can fully tell their feelings each other and notice how others feel, 3. to recognize values each other, 4. to relate interaction with environmental components where interactions with others in different ages naturally occur. The further research clarifies how systematic "germs of morality" is developed and investigates how environment and assistance should be in order to develop them.