Based on the literature published between 1922 and 2020, a checklist is compiled for 32 nominal species in nine genera (Anchistoros [1 sp.], Biacanthus [1 sp.], Cirracanthus [2 spp.], Irodes [1 sp.], Metataeniacanthus [2 spp.], Nudisodalis [1 sp.], Pseudotaeniacanthus [1 sp.], Taeniacanthus [22 spp.], and Umazuracola [1 sp.]) of the cyclopoid copepod family Taeniacanthidae from Japanese marine fishes. In a parasite-host list, information is given for each species on its Japanese name, current scientific name, previous scientific name(s) if present, host(s), site(s) of infection, collection site(s) in Japanese waters, and references. A host-parasite list is also given.