Bulletin of the Hiroshima University Museum Issue 10
2018-12-25 発行

19世紀初頭の東広島市西条盆地南部,柏原における新田開発初期の進捗過程 : 「国郡志御用書上帳 賀茂郡柏原 ひかへ」の分析

Progress in the beginning stage of new reclamation work in early 19th-century Kashobara, in the southern part of Saijo Basin, Higashi-Hiroshima City, southwestern Japan: Analysis of “Kokugunshi-goyo-kakiagecho, Kamo-gun Kashobara”
Hirotane, Yu
Iwasa, Yoshiya
Takeshita, Kohei
Yokogawa, Satoshi
Ujihara, Shu
Asai, Shiori
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abstract
We discuss progress during the beginning stage of new reclamation work in early 19th-century Kashobara, in the southern part of Saijo Basin, Higashi-Hiroshima City, through interpretation of the historical document “Kokugunshigoyo-kakiagecho, Kamo-gun Kashobara.” The document is a copy of a report wherein county leaders (Warijoya) wrote geographical descriptions of each village in their county as of the early 19th century, at the order of the Hiroshima Domain; then, in 1825, the Domain compiled the reports as a book entitled “Geihantushi.” This study highlights that 1) the Domain ordered local villagers to engage in reclamation work in local neighborhoods, while villagers demanded through the county leaders that the Domain build irrigation facilities for growing rice (such as ponds and canals), which the Domain agreed to and provided financial support for; and 2) the Domain further supported poor newcomers by reducing their taxes. This case reveals that the Domain treated the local people in the county with kindness, whereas many other Domains were well-known to have ruled farmers heavy-handedly. Although it is difficult to understand some complicated descriptions in the document, such as concerning embankments of the irrigation ponds, we can arrive at reasonable reconstructions by interpreting old drawings and considering the actual topography. This research is a good example of the advantages of cross-disciplinary methods.
subject
新田開発
西条盆地
国郡志御用書上帳
江戸時代
広島藩
development of reclaimed land
Saijo Basin
Kokugunshi-goyo-kakiagecho
Edo Period
Hiroshima Domain
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