Bulletin of the Hiroshima University Museum Issue 1
2009-12-25 発行

仁治度厳島神社の社殿 <原著論文>

A Study on Buildings of Itsukushima Shrine in the Middle of 13th Century <Article>
Yamaguchi, Yoshimi
Itsukushima Shrine has been constructed in around 1168 by Taira-no-Kiyomori. The shrine is formed by several buildings which were built on the seashore and the surrounding area. However, the shrine was destroyed by fire twice. When the second reconstruction was almost completed, the sengu (the ceremony of transferring the temporary repository of the gods and goddesses to the new sanctuary) had taken place in the Ninji era (in the middle of the 13th century). Only two buildings, Haiden (the building of worship) and Haraiden (the building of purification) in Honsha were reconstructed during Ninji era and remained until now, while the other buildings were reconstructed several times after Ninji era.

In this essay, I would like to focus on the order for woods, which were used for the second reconstruction in Ninji era. Moreover, by drawing the reconstruction, I am about to study and analyze the features of the Itsukushima Shrine.

After the analysis, it is found that the majority of buildings in shrine are kept as a uniform construction. For example, the Hunahijiki (a kind of set of articles which looks like the bottom of a ship) on the column, the beam without curve etc. From the basic construction, I think that the design was decided by the formality and the function of each building.

In addition, although the detailed design was changed partially, but the reconstructed shrine was highly appraised as it is still inheriting the construction of the Ninji era.
Itsukushima Shrine
humble buildings
the order for woods
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