Bulletin of the Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Hiroshima University. Studies in education Issue 2
2021-12-23 発行

《勅語奉答》と唱歌教育 : 雑誌記事を中心に

The Ritual Chant Chokugo-hōtō in Music Education in Japan from Mid-Meiji to World War Ⅱ: Evidence from Magazine Articles
Shimada, Yumi
Arimoto, Maki
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abstract
In this study, we explore the actual situation of music education from Mid-Meiji to World War Ⅱ, focusing on the Ritual Chant Chokugo-hōtō (the response to the Imperial Rescript on Education) using evidence from magazine articles. The following aspects are discussed: First, Chokugo-hōtō was proclaimed in a Public Notice, but educational sites tended to avoid it because of the difficulty in learning its western style. Second, several other versions of the song were composed, for some leading teachers believed that short and simple stereotyped melodies were adequate for elementary students. Third, teachers selected teaching materials and methods according to children’s musical development. However, the goal of “training faithful and promising Japanese people” in the early 1940s emphasized ritual education, distorted music education, and created conformity. The history of Chokugo-hōtō over 50 years suggests that significant steps have been taken in music education in modern Japan.
description
本研究は JSPS 科研費 JP18K02639(「儀式唱歌が作った子どもの心と身体―勅語奉答歌を中心とした歴史的・社会的研究」代表 嶋田由美)の助成を受けたものです。
subject
Chokugo-hōtō
song education
ritual chant
勅語奉答
唱歌教育
儀式唱歌
rights
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