This study focused on clarifying the current situation and problems physical education teaching methods at provincial teacher training colleges (PTTC) in Cambodia. Three tasks were set to achieve the study aims: i.e., (1) to characterize the syllabus for physical education teaching methods in the PTTC curriculum; (2) to identify commonalities between this syllabus and the Cambodian National Curriculum of Physical, Health and Sport Education for Primary School 2006‒2007 and determine whether the syllabus was in accordance with the National Curriculum; and (3) to clarify the current situation and issues in physical education teaching methods in Cambodia by observing PTTC classes using these methods and by interviewing the involved people. The physical education teaching methods in the Cambodian PTTC curriculum were structured systematically and systemically, and well in accordance with the Cambodian National Curriculum. In addition, the PTTC classes were conducted in accordance with the syllabus of physical education teaching methods in the PTTC curriculum. Our future challenges are: (1) to clarify which department of the Cambodian Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport should take the initiative to revise the PTTC curriculum; (2) to help revise the syllabus based on an accurate determination of the current PTTC situation; and (3) to determine whether PTTC graduates can properly teach physical education classes using a follow-up survey.