Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. II, Arts and science education Issue 67
2018-12-21 発行

日本語母語話者と学習者による定式表現の産出過程の研究

Production of Japanese Formulaic Language by Native and Nonnative Japanese Speakers
Su, Zhenjun
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abstract
This study examined the production of two types of Japanese formulaic language, i.e., collocations and idioms, through a spoken dictation task in which native speakers and advanced second-language (L2) learners of Japanese listened to a sentence with or without a formulaic string, performed an intervening task, and spoke the sentence aloud. The accuracy of production and recall time was measured as the dependent variables. The results indicated that the native speakers’ production was nearly perfect; however, the L2 learners produced many nonnative strings for collocations and idioms, and their idiom production accuracy was poorer than that for collocation. The speakers’ recall time showed that both types of formulaic language facilitated language processing for native speakers and L2 learners. In addition, L2 learners processed collocations and idioms in the same manner; however, native speakers processed collocation faster than they did idioms. These results indicate that native speakers store formulaic strings as chunks in their mental lexicon, but learners store smaller units (i.e., words and morphemes) than chunks.
subject
formulaic language
collocation
idiom
language processing
mental representations
定式表現
コロケーション
慣用句
言語処理
心内表象