Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. II, Arts and science education Issue 67
2018-12-21 発行

中国人上級日本語学習者のプレゼンテーション理解時における視覚情報の処理 : 視覚情報の呈示タイミングと種類を操作した実験的検討

Visual Information Processing by Advanced Chinese Learners of Japanese: Experimental Analysis by Manipulating Audiovisual Presentations
Xu, Jie
Xu, Chang
Yang, Jiebing
Jha, Bulbul
file
abstract
Previous research studies conducted with native English speakers indicated that text comprehension is improved with the inclusion of visual information in the form of pictorial information. In addition, the timing of presentation of audiovisual information affects comprehension when the visual information precedes the audio information, but alternatively leads to the highest comprehension when presented simultaneously with the audio information. However, these results are limited to native speakers. How does the presentation of audiovisual information affect second-language learners’ comprehension? In particular, how do second-language learners listen to audio explanations in presentations while observing the visual information? This was examined by manipulating the timing and presentation of visual information; e.g., presenting the visual information 7 seconds ahead of the audio information or simultaneously with the audio information, and by presenting either graphs or text information visually. The dependent variables were the scores of yes/no and free recall tests. The results show that simultaneous audiovisual presentation of information is more effective for advanced Japanese learners.
subject
presentation
visual information
audio information
presentation timing
presentation type
プレゼンテーション
視覚情報
音声情報
呈示タイミング
呈示情報の種類