Vocabulary, being an important part of Second Language learning, has gained attention of many researchers and there have been many tests developed in English language for testing Vocabulary of learners. However, no such test exists in the case of Japanese language. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to review studies done in the field of English Language Education, in order to summarize the criteria needed in making vocabulary test. English vocabulary tests can be classified into two: vocabulary size or breadth tests and vocabulary depth tests, the current study focuses on the former. The pros and cons of the three different formats of vocabulary tests, namely, multiple-choice test, checklist test, and word levels test are discussed and it is clear that word levels test is the most suitable format for testing the vocabulary breadth of Japanese language learners. Furthermore, the characteristics specific to Japanese language need to be considered apart from sampling and context effect while developing the test in Japanese Language.