This paper aims to reveal the content of music education in the 1960s. The paper examines the orientation of a 1963 program that aimed to cultivate love for music and explores connections between this program and a textbook used to administer music education in real-world classrooms. Results of the examination reveal four characteristics pertaining to the textbook: (1) a focus on the study of music theory; (2) sparse connections between individual learning activities; (3) disregard for activities that deal with actual sounds; and(4) the inclusion of content focusing on the interaction of music and life. Links to the 1963 program can be seen in the inclusion of content that potentially cultivates love for music; however, broadly speaking, the textbook content tends to adopt a cognitivist approach. Although music education of the 1960s evolved as an instrument of national renewal following the collapse of fascism from 1945, the education of this period can be placed within a transitional phase toward an era, beginning in the late 1970s, during which music was seen as "a communication tool with close connections to life".