Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. II, Arts and science education Issue 62
2013-12-20 発行

教室談話における教師の「笑い」 : 初級学習者を対象とした日本語授業の場合

Teacher's Laugh in Classroom : In the Case of the Novice Japanese Class
Kimura, Noriko
Itoh, Aki
Fukuhara, Ryoko
Honda, Masami
Imasato, Aoi
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abstract
This study investigated in what kind of situations a teacher had used "laughter" during instruction. In order to examine the functions of laughter, the scenes where a teacher performed "laughter" in the novice Japanese class were analyzed. The data were obtained from novice Japanese class with one Japanese teacher and eight learners. From the result, it was revealed that there are three situations where the teacher used laughter:1)the situation that the teacher reacted to learners making others to laugh, 2)the situation that the teacher reacted to learners who didn't make others to laugh, 3)the situation that the teacher laughed in her own. As a result of having analyzed three types of laughter in detail, we suggest the three possibilities of reasons that the teacher used laughter; 1) to make the atmosphere of the class better, 2) to avoid face threatening act of both the teacher and students, 3) to help students easily follow the class.
subject
Classroom discourse
Teacher's laugh
Novice Japanese student as a second language
教室談話
教師の笑い
日本語初級学習者
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