Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. II, Arts and science education Issue 61
2012-12-21 発行

『赤い鳥』の童話作品における一人称代名詞 : 鈴木三重吉を中心に

First Personal Pronouns in Children's Stories Appeared in Akai-Tori : With a Focus on Miekichi Suzuki
Yamada, Miki
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abstract
This study attempts to examine first personal pronouns found within children's stories that appear in Akai-Tori with a primary focus on Miekichi Suzuki. Akai-Tori a magazine for children, first published in 1918 by Suzuki is recognized as the origin of all modern Japanese children literature. This research was conducted on children's stories found in copies of Akai-Tori printed between 1918-1929, focusing on stories written by 15 selected authors. The results are as follows:1) Akai-tori uses 14 forms of first personal pronouns that occurred 3719 times throughout the texts. 2) Suzuki uses more forms of first personal pronouns than other authors. 3) Suzuki uses boku solely referring to male children, while other authors use it to address male children and adults. 4) Occurrences of oira and ora are rare, and non-existent in Suzuki's writings. Finally results indicate that through his varied use of first personal pronouns, Suzuki succeeded in creating defined character boundaries, and that Akai-Tori perhaps contributed to the establishment of modern Japanese usage of first personal pronouns.
subject
Akai-tori
First Personal Pronouns
Miekichi Suzuki
children's literature
赤い鳥
一人称代名詞
鈴木三重吉
児童文学
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