Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. II, Arts and science education Issue 60
2011-12-22 発行

日本語の否定形習得に関わるインプット頻度とルール特性 : 学習者と母語話者を対象とした実在語・造語産出実験による検討

The Effects of Input-Frequency and Property of Rules for the Acquisition of Negative Forms of Japanese Language : Production tests using real and nonce words
Fukuda, Noriko
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abstract
Two production tests were conducted to investigate the effects of input-frequency and property of rules for negative forms of Japanese language, using real and nonce words. The subjects were 10 untutored Japanese learners and 10 Japanese native speakers. ANOVA analysis showed significant differences between the high frequency words and the low frequency words in the learners' correct answers and the native speakers' reaction time. Also, suffix "-kunai" was found to be more correct than "-nai" and "-janai". In the nonce words test, both the learners and the native speakers preferred "-kunai" to "-nai" and "-janai" as a suffix when the word ends in the "i" sound. Also, the word which ends in the "ru" sound tended to be recognized as a verb. The results suggest that input-frequency and property of rules have some effects on the production of Japanese negative forms.
subject
second language acquisition
negative form
input-frequency
property of rules
production test
第二言語習得
否定形
インプット頻度
ルール特性
産出テスト
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