The purpose of this study is to clarify the actual conditions of a garden in housing with elderly persons. This study used interviews as the investigation method to grasp the usage situations of a garden, the characteristics of respondents, their lifestyles and their consciousness of their garden. 53 elderly persons who have lived in T residential estate in Kure city were surveyed from August to September, 2008. Based on the results of the interviews, three capacities for activity of elderly persons, which were "walking ability", "daily performance", and "going out", were categorized into existence of an impediment and nonexistence of an impediment. The relationship between the capacities for activity and their usage situations of a garden was studied. As the results, it was shown that the garden provided for comfort and healing to elderly persons as the place of community and gardening. Also, gardens needed the maintenance proper for elderly person's capacities.