The purpose of this research is to clarify transition of conceptions of ability in the education of "listening". Having become clear by consideration is the following two points. 1. The purpose of the education "listening" has been narrowed down to "understanding the talk correctly". 2. There were also the following targets, before narrowing down the purpose. "Using the heard contents in one's own life", "Evaluating the heard contents", "Being conscious of one's way of hearing". The following two proposals were made in the education of "listening". 1. The lost elements should be a premise for attaining the contents made into the purpose now. 2. It is important to have a class being conscious of elements with which the teacher was lost.