Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. II, Arts and science education Issue 55
2007-03-28 発行

幼児の「歌唱の音高の正確さ」に関する縦断的研究 : 音高再生能力,音高弁別能力,及び「話し声」と「歌声」の使い分けの技能に着目して

A Longitudinal Study on Infant's Vocal Pitch Accuracies in Singing : Focusing on Vocal Pitch Matching Abilities, Pitch Discrimination Abilities, and Skills at the Separation of a Singing Voice from a Speaking Voice
Konagano, Ryuta
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abstract
A longitudinal study on vocal pitch matching abilities, pitch discrimination abilities, and skills at the separation of a singing voice from a speaking voice of four years old children (n = 34) was conducted to explore children's vocal pitch accuracies in singing, and associated abilities and skills. The children were investigated four times half-yearly. first and second time's investigations were conducted when the children were four years old, and third and fourth time's investigations were conducted when the children were five years old. The following results were obtained: (1) The children significantly developed vocal pitch matching abilities from first time's investigation to second time's investigation. Then, the children developed into a middle level of vocal pitch matching abilities. Their developments may be associated with the developments of pitch discrimination abilities. (2) The developments into a high level of vocal pitch matching abilities advanced gradually. There weren't high percentages of children with the level 4 of vocal pitch matching abilities in fourth time's investigation. Infants may not develop vocal pitch accuracies in singing sufficiently. Their developments may be associated with the developments of skills at the separation of a singing voice from a speaking voice.
subject
infant
vocal pitch accuracy in singing
vocal pitch matching ability
pitch discrimination ability
skill at the separation of a singing voice from a speaking voice
幼児
「歌唱の音高の正確さ」
音高再生能力
音高弁別能力
「話し声」と「歌声」の使い分けの技能
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