Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. II, Arts and science education Issue 55
2007-03-28 発行

沖縄津堅島方言における「に」格助詞相当助詞の記述的研究 : 動作・作用成立に関与する対象・結果・目的表示機能を中心に

A Descriptive Study of the Tsuken Dialect Case Particles [ni], [Nka], and [ʃi] which are Equivalent to the Japanese Case Particle [ni] : The Function of Marking Entities, Results, and Purpose which are Concerned with Formation, Operation, and Action
Matayoshi, Satomi
This paper surveys the Tsuken island dialect of Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. This paper researches the case particles [ni], [Nka], and [ʃi] which are equivalent to the Japanese case particle [ni]. The following five points are elucidated: 1) The three case particles [ni], [Nka], and [ʃi] are distinguished in usage. 2) When used with a verb with the character of "movement", all three particles are used. [ni] is used when the entity is a person. [Nka] is used when the entity is non-human. [ʃi] is used when emphasising directionality. [Nka] and [ʃi] both have ties to the locative case. 3) Tsuken dialect [ni], [Nka], and [ʃi] stand in the same relationship with [tu] as Standard Japanese [ni] does with [to]. 4) In the function of marking an entity, [ni], [Nka], and [ʃi] have the function of marking the aim of or partner in an action, and form a one-sided relationship with the target. On the other hand, [tu] has the function of marking the partner in joint work and those who operate together. 5) In the function of expressing result, a null-particle, [Nka], and [ʃi] have the function of marking the result of a unidirectional change or an essential change. On the other hand, [tu] has the function of marking the result of bidirectional or mechanical change.
The Tsuken dialect
Case particle
Function of marking entities
Function of marking result
Function of marking purpose