In this study, I investigated the usage of transitive and intransitive verbs that appears in several Japanese textbooks for beginners after reviewing the grammatical characteristics of intransitive and transitive verb pairs. As a result, I found out the inappropriateness of some of the explanation for intransitive and transitive verbs to be fundamental grammatical knowledge. Learners need to learn intransitive and transitive verbs not only grammatically but also pragmatically to be natural in Japanese. Pragmatic usage should be taught in more advanced level. However, the rules in some current Japanese textbooks for beginners may inhibit the acquisition of pragmatic and communicative usage of transitive and intransitive verbs.