There are lots of comparative studies of Natsume Souseki and Luxun in Japan. At the same time in Korea, comparative studies of Lee Kwang-Su and Luxun are made frequently. But it's difficult to find a comparative study of Natsume Souseki and Lee Kwang-Su in Korea or Japan. In spite of the differences in modernization progress in their countries, being Japan, Korea and China, respectively, Natsume Souseki, Lee Kwang-Su and Luxun, have many common features at that time. They are all representative writers who were afflicted in their modern ages. For that reason, a comparative study between Natsume Souseki and Lee Kwang-Su is essential. Therefore this study pays attention to the progress of 'civilization' in the two countries, Japan and Korea, through"SOREKARA" (a sequel of "SANSHIROU") by Natsume Souseki, and "JAE-SAENG" (a sequel of "MU-JEONG") by Lee Kwang-su.