Postmodern is (re) defined as a coexistence of two types of worldview perceptions: materialism reflection theory and the third term theory, which is sung by Tanaka Minoru. In the development of Roland Barthes' thought, the essay "The Death of the Author" and "From work to Text" can be considered as Barthes' postmodern. T. Todorov of France and Tando Hirofumi of Japan who criticized the present literary education failed to catch Barthes` thought and could not pass postmodern. Therefore, it should be reconsidered whether literary education criticism made by them is valid. At the end of this paper, I would like to show the appropriate reading of the future cross-research between literature study and literature education study by reading Lu Xun's "Kokyo" in a reading required by post-postmodern thought.