Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part 1, Learning and curriculum development Issue 65
2016-12-22 発行

教師は暴力的存在である : 体罰の淵源を見据えて

The Teacher is the Violent Existence : Looking at the origin of the corporal punishment
Matsuda, Taiki
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abstract
This paper is an attempt of looking hard at the violent nature of teacher existence. To do it, this paper focuses on corporal punishments which are the model of the violent nature of teacher existence. Problems of corporal punishments were discussed as right-wrong problem. But, it is nonsense because corporal punishments have already occurred. Therefore, we have to stop judging corporal punishments right or wrong, and expose the violent nature of teacher existence that producing corporal punishments. We cannot discuss about solutions of corporal punishments till it is attempted. This paper’s conclusion is following: 1) the essence of school that attempting to change students is violence and organizes the violent nature of teacher existence. 2) when teachers cannot control students, they use corporal punishments to restore their authority. 3) when teachers want to be good teacher and get some crisis, they use corporal punishments to protect themselves. 1) is never got rid of till we continue to carry on school education. 2) can be prevented with getting <authority> of teacher existence. <Authority> is a principle that students depend on teachers voluntary. 3) can be prevented by self-reflection of teachers. Teachers should think that“ why do I want to be a teacher” and“ what is educational destination that I want to go to”.
subject
teacher
the violent nature of teacher existence
corporal punishment
ego ideal
self-protection
教師
教師存在の暴力性
体罰
自我理想
自己保存