The purpose of this study was to clarify how the magazine Gin-no-suzu ( Silver Bells ) for children in the lower classes at elementary school influenced the substitute science textbook and the authorized science textbook for that school. Through the study of documentary records, the following results were reached : (1) The magazine Gin-no-suzu was begun to edit by the elementary school teachers participated in Hiroshima Culture Advancement Committee for Children and was written by the teachers in Hiroshima Higher Normal School and the attached elementary school of it, etc. (2) In the magazine Gin-no-suzu for the 1st and 2nd grade, the unit “Lifestyle for disease prevention" published in January 1947 was carried on the contents in the substitute science textbook, “Rika-no-tomo ( Science as a friend )" ( 1948 ) and the authorized science textbook,“ Yoikono-kagaku ( Science for good children )" ( 1950 ). (3) The unit“ Sailing boat" published in the magazine Gin-no-suzu for the 3rd grade in July 1948, was succeeded to inherit in “Yoiko-no-kagaku ( Science for good children )" ( 1950 ). (4) Therefore the part of contents of the the substitute science textbook and the authorized science textbook were thought to compile with reference to the same ones in the magazine Gin-no-suzu.