Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part 1, Learning and curriculum development Issue 54
2006-03-28 発行

児童における「社会的慣習」判断の基準に関する一考察 : 道徳授業における「社会的慣習」判断の基準の分析から

Research on the criteria of social-conventional judgement of children : An anaysis of the criteria of social-conventional judgement of children in moral classes of elementary school
Morikawa, Atsuko
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abstract
The aim of this paper was to make clear the criteria of social-conventional judgement through the analysis of children's opinions in moral classes. According to E. Turiel, we judged social-conventions by 6 criteria, especially "rule contingency", "rule alterability" and "authority contingency". These criteria were made through the investigations in U.S.A.. Social-conventions were usually influenced by cultural background, so we needed to make clear the criteria which were suitable for Japanese children. We presented the materials which included social-conventional conflicts, and we asked children the way to solve the problem and the reason why they chose the way. We supposed that children's answers showed us the criteria of social-conventional judgement. The results were as follows. 1) When children solved the social-conventional conflicts, they chose the way according to the "contextualism", especially the relation with another people. 2) This result suggestsed that when we planed moral education, it needed to prepare many experiences that gave children the opportunities to learn what is good and what is bad in the relations with another people.
subject
criteria of social-conventional judgement
E. Turiel
contextualism
社会的慣習判断の基準
チュリエル
状況依存性
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