Journal of the Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University Volume 53
2014-12-25 発行

瀬戸内海西部の屋代島,平郡島における海藻藻場の特性 : 特にホンダワラ類とクロメの垂直分布について

Characteristics of macroalgal vegetation along the coasts of Yashiro and Heigun islands, western Seto Inland Sea, Japan : especially, on the vertical distribution patterns of species of Sargassum and Ecklonia
Yoshida, Goro
Shimabukuro, Hiromori
Moriguchi, Akihiko
Hori, Masakazu
Hamaoka, Hideki
Takada, Shigehiro
Tainaka, Tsuyoshi
Characteristics of macroalgal beds composed of sargassaceous plants (Fucales, Phaeophyta) and Ecklonia kurome (Laminariales, Phaeophyta) were surveyed at Yashiro and Heigun islands in the western Seto Inland Sea (Iyo-nada Sea and Hiroshima Bay areas). The surveyed macroalgal beds were located on 8 natural rocky or boulder shores and 3 subtidal stone-built artificial reefs. A transect was set at each bed between the upper and lower limits of the macroalgal vegetation to investigate vertical distribution patterns of the constituent species. Eighty-five macroalgal species were recognized in total, and among those, 14 sargassaceous species, such as Sargassum fusiforme, S. macrocarpum, S. horneri, S. fulvellum and Myagropsis myagroides, were found. In general, sargassaceous plants were dominant from the intertidal to 4 m depth, and E. kurome distributed in deeper zones than sargassaceous plants, down to 14 m at the deepest. However, in some beds on the southern coasts of the islands, this vertical pattern was reversed. Ecklonia grows on rocky substrata which was stable and free from the effects of sand action, though sargassaceous plants grow on boulders distributed in zones deeper than the Ecklonia zones. On artificial reefs, similar vegetation with those on natural substrata was established. On reefs of the northern coast of Yashiro Is. (Hiroshima Bay area), however, sedimentation on substrata prevented the growth of Ecklonia. In the correlation analysis between physical characteristics and vegetation of the beds, there is a tendency that mean coverage of sargassaceous plants of the beds is higher as the mean depth of the beds becomes shallower, and that mean coverage of Ecklonia is higher as the slope of the beds becomes steeper.
Seto Inland Sea
macroalgal vegetation
sargassaceous plants
Ecklonia kurome
vertical distribution