The Annual of research on early childhood Volume 42
2020-10-10 発行

幼児の怖いもの見たさ行動を規定する要因の検討

A Study of Factors that Influence the Desire to See Frightening Things in Early Childhood
TOMITA, Shohei
ITOH, Azusa
SONODA, Hikari
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abstract
Previous studies (Tomita and Noyama, 2014) have shown that although the desire to see frightening things increases until the end of early childhood, this indicates that 5–6-year-old children do not choose to see a lot of scary things (when there are 5–6 out of 10 opportunities to choose). In this study, we examined the factors that regulate the desire to see frightening things in the case of young children. In Study 1, we targeted 40 children (4–6 years old) and examined whether the difference in the availability of scary images influences their desire to see them. More specifically, we presented images of things that are not scary in advance—as the preset condition—and then used tasks where the image was projected onto a card and a box; we then compared the differences in the number of choices to view scary things. In Study 2, we targeted 82 children (4–6 years old), and examined whether differences in the degree of willingness to take on challenges based on a sense of security influenced their desire to see frightening things. In this context, we first had them tackle the task alone—as the preset condition—and then tackle it with others; next, we compared the differences in the number of choices to view scary things. The results of the two studies show that although the availability of images and the willingness to take on challenges based on a sense of security both influence the desire to see frightening things, the manner in which they exert an influence differs for males and females.
description
本論文は,第2著者と第3著者が三重大学教育学部に提出した卒業論文(2017年度,2018年度)に,第1著者が新たにデータを加えて再分析し,新たに論を展開したものです。
また,本論文は執筆にあたり,平成29年度科学研究費補助金・基盤研究(C)(課題番号:17K04351)の助成を受けた。
subject
Frightening Things
Imagination
Challenges
Gender Differences
Early Childhood
rights
Copyright (c) 2020 幼年教育研究年報編集委員会