The Annual of research on early childhood Volume 30
2008-07-10 発行


The influence of the intimacy on the recognition of apologies effect in younger children
Shibasaki, Miwa
The purpose of this study was to examine how the intimacy between perpetrators and victims had an influence on enhancing effects of apologies. Participants were 39 four-year-olds, 30 fiveyear-olds, 23 six-year-olds. Results indicated that younger children apologized expecting the stronger effect of apologies on having a forgiveness, mitigating anger, improving bad impression in high intimacy situations than low intimacy ones. In addition, for improving bad impression and forgiveness, five- or six-year-olds recognized the stronger effects of apologies than four-yearolds. But, for avoidance of punishment, there was no relation between the intimacy and the degree in which they recognized effects of apologies. Compared with four-year-olds, six-year-olds understood the role of apologies on avoiding punishment much clearly.
interpersonal conflict
younger children