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ID 51546
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We examine quasi-two-dimensional superconductors near half-filling under uniaxial pressures perpendicular to conductive layers (hereafter called perpendicular pressures). It is a natural conjecture that the perpendicular pressure decreases the transition temperature Tc because it increases the interlayer electron hopping energy tz, which weakens the logarithmic enhancement in the density of states due to the two-dimensional Van Hove singularity. It is shown that, contrary to this conjecture, the perpendicular pressure can significantly enhance Tc in systems off half-filling before it decreases Tc, and the strength of the enhancement significantly depends on the pairing symmetry. When the indices d, d′, cz, and sz are defined for the basis functions γd ∝ cos kx − cos ky, γd′ ∝ sin kx sin ky, γcz ∝ cos kz, and γsz ∝ sin kz, respectively, it is shown that for s-, d-, cz-, and cz-d-wave pairing, Tc steeply increases with increasing tz near a cusp at a certain value of tz. On the other hand, for p-, cz-p-, sz-p-, and d′-wave pairing, Tc is almost unaffected by tz. For sz- and sz-d-wave pairing, Tc exhibits a broad and weak peak. Here, for example, the cz-d-wave state is an interlayer spin-singlet d-wave state with an order parameter proportional to γczγd. The enhancement in Tc is the largest for this state and the second largest for the d-wave pairing and interlayer spin-singlet (cz-wave) pairing. These results may explain recent observations in Sr2RuO4 under perpendicular pressures. A comparison between the theoretical and experimental results indicates that the p-, cz-p-, and sz-p-wave states, including chiral states, and the d′-wave state are the most likely candidates for the intrinsic 1.5-K phase, and the d-, cz-d-, and cz-wave states are the most likely candidates for the 3-K phase induced by the perpendicular pressure. The cz-p- and sz-p-wave states are interlayer spin-triplet and interlayer spin-singlet p-wave states with horizontal line nodes, respectively.
journal title
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan
volume
Volume 89
start page
093704-1
end page
093704-5
date of issued
2020-08-12
publisher
The Physical Society of Japan
issn
0031-9015
publisher doi
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
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rights
Copyright (c) 2020 The Physical Society of Japan
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version. この論文は出版社版ではありません。引用の際には出版社版をご確認、ご利用ください。
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Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering



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