Itsukushimaknekyu_17_h1.pdf 1.53 MB
Maples (Acer, Sapindaceae) in Miyajima Island, SW Japan.
Maples (Acer, Sapindaceae) are symbolic plants of Miyajima (Itsukushima) Island in the Seto Inland Sea, Hiroshima Prefecture, southwest Japan. The history of the maples on the island is documented since the 1800s (the late Edo Period) based on old drawings and historical documents with biological and natural disaster backgrounds. According to the historical information, the present landscape with many planted maple trees in the Momiji-dani Park region of the island was probably established after the devastating debris flow on September 17, 1945 by the Typhoon Ida, known in Japan as Makurazaki Typhoon. At this time the Itsukushima Shrine was severely damaged by an estimated 18,000 m3 of sediment which originated from the vegetated landscape. Five species of maples, one native species, Acer rufinerve Siebold & Zucc., and four planted, A. amoenum Carrière, A. buergerianum Miq., A. palmatum Thunb. and A. sieboldianum Miq., are also described for the island.
Studies of the Itsukushima Island
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Departmental Bulletin Paper
Departmental Bulletin Papers
Graduate School of Integrated Sciences for Life
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