Does Self-esteem Moderate the Effect of Mortality Salience on Worldview Defense in Japan?
terror management theory
According to terror management theory (TMT), people respond to a reminder of their inevitable death (mortality salience, MS) by defending their cultural worldview (MS hypothesis). Although the MS hypothesis has been supported in numerous studies conducted in Western cultures, it is not always supported in interdependent cultures such as Japan. Considering that TMT argues that self-esteem can also buffer death anxiety and moderate the effect of MS, careful examination of this effect is also needed. The present study examined whether such moderating effect of self-esteem would be found among Japanese through three studies. Results revealed that the moderating effect of self-esteem on the relationship between MS and worldview defense was not found. The results suggest that self-esteem does not function as a death anxiety buff er in Japan.
This work was supported by special funding for the promotion of internationalization of research activities by the Japanese Group Dynamic Association.
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part 3, Education and human science
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