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ID 45601
file
title alternative
Measures of Task Effects: Comparison among Negotiation of Meaning, Corrective Feedback, and Language-Related Episode
creator
Kimura, Noriko
Itoh, Aki
Kuroda, Ryoko
subject
意味交渉
訂正フィードバック
Language Related Episode
タスク
NDC
Education
abstract
A growing number of task studies have examined which tasks provide increased focus in language forms incidents. Researchers have used negotiation of meaning, corrective feedback. and language-related episodes (LREs) as measures of focus. However, each measure relates to different aspects of dialogue. Therefore, the results of task studies may differ depending on the measure employed. The present study was conducted to investigate which measure extracts more focus-on-form incidents regarding grammar. The participants were 20 low-intermediate-level and 14 high-intermediate-level students undertaking an intensive Japanese-language program in the United States. Using two conversation tasks, I made a comparison of how the frequency of focus-on-form incidents differed with the three measures. I found that each measure resulted in a different number of focus-on-form incidents. Regardless of the students' ability level, LREs produced the greatest number of focus-on-form incidents. Negotiation of meaning has been utilized as a measure for focus-on-form incidents in many task studies; however, it extracted hardly any focus-on-form incidents in the present investigation.
journal title
Bulletin of the Department of Teaching Japanese as a Second Language, Hiroshima University
issue
Issue 25
start page
29
end page
36
date of issued
2015-03-25
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科日本語教育学講座
issn
1347-7226
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2015 広島大学大学院教育学研究科日本語教育学講座
department
Graduate School of Education
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