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ID 45545
file
creator
Dhital, Ram P.
Ito, Takahiro
Komatsu, Satoru
subject
JEL codes: I24
JEL codes: I25
JEL codes: O13
NDC
Construction. Civil engineering
Education
abstract
In many developing countries including Nepal, water fetching is traditionally conducted by women and girls. In a mountainous hinterland of Nepal without systematic water and electricity supply, it is inevitably laborious, and as a result, girls receive fewer educational opportunities than boys. This paper aims to identify the causal effect of household water accessibility on children’s educational attainment measured by school attendance, grade repetition, and completion of primary and lower secondary schools in remote mountainous villages in Nepal. The estimation results evince that water hauling hinders girls from completing schooling, indicating that a one-hour increase in the time spent going to and from the water source will decrease the probability of female children completing primary school by 24.1 percentage points, while male children do not drop out, although they are more likely to repeat a grade. This implies that increased water accessibility—for example, by providing a solar water pumping system that the Nepali government promotes—improves household wellbeing, particularly girls’ educational attainment, by reducing the burden of water collection.
description
This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI (grant numbers JP25257102 and 16K21162).
journal title
IDEC DP2 Series
volume
Volume 7
issue
Issue 5
start page
1
end page
29
date of issued
2018-03-27
publisher
広島大学大学院国際協力研究科
language
eng
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation
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