このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
ID 39414
file
creator
Tanaka, Saeko
subject
memory
pre-test effect
paired-associate learning
incorrect answer
working memory
NDC
Education
abstract
In schools, tests are given mainly to evaluate learning achievements. Receiving a test is also known to promote learning and long-term retention of memory. Recently, even incorrect test answers have been revealed to improve scores in later evaluation tests (pre-test effect). To develop an effective teaching method by using the pre-test effect, it is necessary to understand how the effect differs between individual students depending on their characteristics. However, it has not been investigated whether the pre-test effect in promoting long-term retention of memory differs by the characteristics of students or not. In this study, the authors examined whether the pre-test effect appeared or not in a paired-associate learning task of new words, which has been widely used in studies on learning, by using Japanese stimulus words (Experiment 1). Then, the working memory capacity of each student was measured as an index for personal characteristics, and the effects of the personal difference on pre-test effect was investigated (Experiment 2). The experiments showed that the group that experienced pretest scored better in a subsequent evaluation test than the group that did not receive a pretest, confirming the pre-test effect as in preceding studies. However, no relationship was found between the pre-test effect and working memory capacity. Therefore, the pre-test effect is possibly a phenomenon independent of working memory capacity.
journal title
Theory and Research for Developing Learning Systems
volume
Volume 1
start page
1
end page
13
date of issued
2015-03
publisher
Research Initiative for Developing Learning Systems (RIDLS)
issn
2189-9460
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
relation url
department
Graduate School of Education
他の一覧



Last 12 months's access : ? times
Last 12 months's DL: ? times


This month's access: ? times
This month's DL: ? times