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ID 38968
file
title alternative
Linguistic Information Usage of Japanese Five Years-old Children in Case Markers Learning : A Sentence Comprehension Experiment Using Artificial Case Markers
creator
Zhao, Akiko Chou
subject
インプット
言語情報
機能語
格助詞
人工格助詞
input
linguistic information
functional words
case markers
artificial case marker
NDC
Education
abstract
Previous studies have demonstrated that young children use an argument structure in the input to learn words such as verbs and nouns, but they are unable to make use of this information if the language allows frequent the deletion of lexical items. These findings lead to the question of how Japanese case markers are learned because case markers are function words and are often omitted in speech. So far, few study has examined the acquisition of this unique category of words. In this study, we examined whether Japanese children could utilize the linguistic information (i.e., number of the argument and word order) when they learn artificial case markers (agent: “po”, patient: “bi”). Thirty-three five-year-old children were presented with either two arguments sentences (SOV: “rabbit po bear bi pushed”) or one argument sentences (SV: “rabbit po pushed”, OV: “bear bi pushed”) in the learning phase. After learning phases, they were given a comprehension test in the test phase in which the case markers were embedded in four different types of sentences, SOV, OSV, SV, and OV. The results showed that the children who studied one-argument sentences were more accurate in comprehending “bi” in OV sentences but not accurate in comprehending “po” in SV sentences, or “po” and “bi” in SOV and OSV sentences. In contrast, the children who studied two-argument sentences were more accurate in comprehending “po” in SOV and SV sentences, but not accurate in comprehending “bi” in OV or OSV sentences.
journal title
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. II, Arts and science education
issue
Issue 64
start page
187
end page
196
date of issued
2015-12-18
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
issn
1346-5554
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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