UV and IR Spectroscopic Studies of Cold Alkali Metal Ion-Crown Ether Complexes in the Gas Phase
JAmChemSoc_2011_133_12256.pdf 2.52 MB
Boyarkin, Oleg V.
Rizzo, Thomas R.
We report UV photodissociation (UVPD) and IR-UV double-resonance spectra of dibenzo-18-crown-6 (DB18C6) complexes with alkali metal ions (Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, and Cs+) in a cold, 22-pole ion trap. All the complexes show a number of vibronically resolved UV bands in the 36000－38000 cm-1 region. The Li+ and Na+ complexes each exhibit two stable conformations in the cold ion trap (as verified by IR-UV double-resonance), whereas the K+, Rb+, and Cs+ complexes exist in a single conformation. We analyze the structure of the conformers with the aid of density functional theory (DFT) calculations. In the Li+ and Na+ complexes, DB18C6 distorts the ether ring to fit the cavity size to the small diameter of Li+ and Na+. In the complexes with K+, Rb+, and Cs+, DB18C6 adopts a boat-type (C2v) open conformation. The K+ ion is captured in the cavity of the open conformer thanks to the optimum matching between the cavity size and the ion diameter. The Rb+ and Cs+ ions sit on top of the ether ring, because they are too large to enter the cavity of the open conformer. According to time-dependent DFT calculations, complexes that are highly distorted to hold metal ions open the ether ring upon S1－S0 excitation, and this is confirmed by extensive low-frequency progressions in the UVPD spectra.
This is a preprint of an article published by American Chemical Society in Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2011, available online: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ja2046205.
This work is supported by Grant-in-Aids (Grant No. 21350016) for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT) of Japan and the Swiss National Science foundation through grant 200020_130579.
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